Archive for the ‘Indemnity/Hold Harmless’ Category

“Baled” Out – Woman Trips on Stairs at Farm; Indemnity Agreement in Release Contrary to Public Policy (CT)

September 2, 2015

Squinobal v. Zenko (Connecticut)

Plaintiff was injured when she slipped and fell on wooden stairs located on the defendant’s premises.  The defendant operated a farm and equestrian facility.  At the time of the incident, plaintiff was carrying a bale of hay and seed to a feed trailer.  Plaintiff filed a complaint alleging that her injuries resulted from the negligence and carelessness of the defendant.  The defendant filed a counterclaim based on a “Lesson, Horse Rental, and Arena Use Release” document (“Release”) signed by the plaintiff in order to ride horses at the facility.  The defendant then filed a motion for partial summary judgment on the ground that plaintiff had a duty to defend and indemnify the defendant under the terms of the Release. (more…)

Show’s Over – Indemnity Dispute Between State Fair and Equipment Lessor Regarding Collapsed Stage Continues (IN)

May 29, 2015

In re Indiana State Fair Litigation (Indiana)
(one Judge dissenting)

This case arises from a collapsed stage at a state fair in August of 2011, which caused several deaths and injuries.  The issue was whether the stage equipment supplier (Mid-America Sound [“Mid-America”]) was entitled to indemnification from the event operator (the Indiana State Fair Commission [“Commission”]) based on the terms and conditions of the typical course of business between them.

Dating back to the mid-1990s, the Commission leased temporary roof structures and other equipment from Mid-America to use for outdoor concerts on property operated by the Commission.  During the last ten years of their relationship, the parties followed the same procedure with regard to the equipment leasing.  Mid-America delivered the equipment before the event and then later returned to pick up the equipment after the event.  When it picked up the equipment, Mid-America would sign contracts for the rented items and submit the contracts to the Commission.  The Commission audited each contract to make sure it conformed to the agreement of the parties and then issued payment.

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Paying the Price (Twice)

November 7, 2007

Heilig v. Touchstone Climbing, Inc. (California–UNPUBLISHED)
(Rock Climber Falls During a Competition; Release Precludes Negligence Claims; No Allegations or Evidence of “Gross Negligence”; Defendant Entitled to Attorneys Fees Pursuant to Release)

The plaintiff was an experienced and professional rock climber. He was injured in a fall during a rock climbing competition at one of the defendant’s indoor “climbing gyms.” Plaintiff had climbed indoor climbing walls at some of defendant’s six facilities in the Bay Area during the several years preceding the incident. He had been intermittently a member of defendant’s facility, which entitled him to use any of its climbing facilities. Defendant had periodically required plaintiff to sign releases of liability in order to use their facilities.

Plaintiff had taken a few years off from competitive climbing, but had then joined the defendant at its Concord facility on February 4, 2004. At that time, he signed the most recent “Release of Liability and Assumption of Risk Agreement” (“Release”). The Release, in standard form language, specifies that the climber recognizes and assumes the significant risks of climbing, “both known and unknown, whether caused or alleged to be caused by the negligent acts or omission” of the defendant. Pursuant to the Release, plaintiff also agreed to release, discharge, and indemnify or hold harmless defendant from “any and all claims, demands, or causes of action, which are in any way connected with my participation in this activity” or use of defendant’s equipment or facilities, including any “claims which allege negligent acts or omissions” of defendant.

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A Challenging Course

June 28, 2007

Roman v. City of Bristol (Connecticut)
(Employee Injured While Using Rented Recreational Challenge Course Owned and Operated by the City; Employee Sued City and City Sued Employer Citing Indemnity Provisions in Rental Agreement; Court Found Issues of Fact Regarding Whether the Employer and the City Were Both Sophisticated Business Entities with Equal Bargaining Power Such That the Indemnity Provisions Should Be Enforced)

An employer signed a rental agreement with the city that included the rental fee and the date and time for use of a recreational challenge course owned by and located in the city.  An employee of the employer was injured while using the course and she brought a personal injury action against both the city and the city’s course instructor who was present at the time of the incident.  The city then filed a third party lawsuit against the employer for breach of contract and indemnification.  The city alleged that the employer breached the rental agreement by (1) not holding them harmless, (2) not providing them with a legal defense, and (3) failing to secure and maintain an adequate and proper liability insurance policy.  The employer filed a motion for summary judgment arguing that it was not obligated to indemnify the city under the contract for the city’s own alleged negligent conduct.  The trial court granted the employer’s motion, and the city appealed. 

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